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US immigrant visa

US immigrant visa :

There are a few types of U.S visa types, but the two major groups are:

  1. U.S non-immigrant visas
  2. U.S immigrant visas
    This article will go through the immigrant visa USA, what these visas are and various types of visas.

Immigrant Visa :
US Immigrant visas give its holders the right to live in the U.S permanently. On the other hand the U.S non-immigrant visa does not permit to live in US permanently, the visa holder is required to return to his/her home country when his/her visa expires. But an immigrant visa does not expire. It allows you to live, work, and study in the U.S or engage in any activity you wish to do in the USA.

Renew :

The Immigrant visa holder does not need to renew it or extend. It is valid for permanently unless you engage in an illegal activity in the U.S to have your immigrant visa revoked. The immigrant visa does not constrain you to stay in the U.S, but you can travel in and out of the U.S anytime anywhere you want and not have your visa in danger of being revoked or cancelled as long as you have a valid Re-entry Permit.

Types of U.S Immigrant Visa:

There are several U.S immigrant visas types, and that can take on different categories depending on how you get the permanent visa. There are two major categories of immigrant visas as;

  • Immediate Relative and Family Sponsored
  • Employer Sponsored

Immediate Relative and Family Sponsored Visas
It means that you are joining your close family who live in the U.S permanently. This can be your parents, fiancé, or spouse. If you have family in the U.S, or you become engaged or married to a U.S citizen, then you are eligible for this category of immigrant visas. Below provides the names of the Immediate Relative and Family Sponsored visas and short descriptions of each visa.

  1. IR-1, CR-1 Visa: US Spouse Visas
    The first category is the US marriage visas. These visas are given to those who are legally married to a citizen of the U.S. Merely living together does not count as being married, so you will have to prove marriage by documents.

Two types of spouse visas:

  1. Conditional Resident (CR-1) Visa – means that you have just been married and for 2 years you will maintain conditional status. This is to prevent marriages from happening only for obtaining permanent residence in the U.S.
  2. Immediate Relative (IR-1) Visa – after you have been married for 2 years, you will gain permanent status without the conditions of the CR-1 visa.

K-2 Visa: Children of K-1 Visa Holders
The K-2 visa is given to unmarried children under 21 years old of K-1 visa holders, so the U.S citizen’s fiancé(e).

K-3 Visa: Spouse of a Green Card Holder
This visa has been created to shorten the time that the married couple is away from each other while one of them is waiting for their petition to be approved.

When a foreign citizen and a U.S citizen are married, they file the petition to get a spouse visa. While this petition is being processed, the spouse can obtain a K-3 visa so as to be able to live in the U.S.

K-4 Visa: Children of K-3 Visa Holders
This visa is intended to be given to unmarried children under 21 years old of K-3 visa holders, so the children of the spouse of a U.S citizen.

IR-3, IH-3, IR-4, IH-4: Intercountry Adoption of Orphan Children by U.S Citizens
This group of visas is intended to be used by U.S citizens who adopt children from countries other than the U.S. The children can then get one of the four visas.

IH-3 visa is for children who are adopted from a country on the Hague Convention. The children who get the IH-3 visa are allowed to enter the U.S and then get U.S citizenship. The citizenship is given automatically only to children who are under 18 years old when they enter the U.S for the first time.

IH-4 visa is the same as the IH-3 visa, but the children who enter the U.S do not get a U.S citizenship immediately, but after the adoption is complete.

IR3 visa is given to children after the adoption procedure has been completed. The child must be from a country which does not require re-adoption when the child enters the U.S. The children who are under 18 years old get automatic citizenship when they first enter the U.S.

IR4 visa is for children whose adoption will be completed after they enter the U.S. Initially, the parents will become legal guardians of the child and then will file for the adoption process once the child is inside the U.S.

IR-2, CR-2, IR-5, F-1, F-3, F-4: Certain Family Members of U.S Citizens
This group of visas is for family members of U.S citizens or the people that they will marry.

IR2 visa is for the unmarried children under 21 years old of IR-1 visa holders, so the spouse of a U.S citizen.

CR-2 visa is for the unmarried children under 21 years old of CR-1 visa holders, so the spouse a U.S citizen. The couple must be married less than 2 years for this visa to apply.

IR5 visa is for the parents of a U.S citizen who is older than 21 years old.

F-1 visa has a cap of 23,400 visas given to unmarried sons and daughters of U.S citizens and their minor children

F3 visa has a cap of 23,400 visas for married sons and daughters of U.S citizens as well as their minor children and spouses

F4 visa has a cap of 65,000 visas and is for siblings of U.S citizens, their minor children, and spouses. For this visa to apply, the U.S citizen must be at least 21 years old.

F-2A, F-2B: Certain Family Members of Lawful Permanent Residents
Employment Sponsored Visa
The US employer sponsored visas are immigrant visas which allow its holders to work permanently in the U.S. The U.S government limits the number of employment based visas that they give to around 140,000 per fiscal year. The table below shows the different types of employment based visas.

Eb-1 Visa: First Priority Workers
The First Priority Workers are those who get the EB1 visa and they can be in three groups:

Outstanding professors and researchers who are recognized internationally
Persons with extraordinary abilities in arts, sciences, business, education, or athletics
Multinational managers of executive who have worked overseas for at least one out of the past three years for a U.S branch, subsidiary, or parent company.

Eb-2 Visa: Second Priority Workers
The Eb2 visa category of employees includes two groups:

Professionals holding an advanced degree, who either have a Bachelor’s Degree and five years of work experience in that profession, or have completed a higher education degree beyond their Bachelor’s Degree.
Persons with exceptional abilities in arts, sciences, or business.

Eb-3, EW-3 Visas: Third Priority Workers
The third priority workers include these groups:

EB3 visa: Skilled workers who have at least two years of experience or training in that particular profession and who are not seasonal or temporary

Professional workers who need at least a Bachelor’s Degree or a U.S equivalent to work in their profession
EW3 visa: Unskilled workers who do not need at least two years of experience or training to work in a particular position.

Eb-4 visa: Fourth Priority Workers – Certain Special Immigrants
Fourth priority workers include a variety of visas, such as;

Religious workers (SD visa and SR visa)
Broadcasters in the U.S
Current or Former employees of the U.S government
Iraqi employees of the U.S government (SQ visa)
Afghan employees of the U.S government (SQ visa)
Iraqi and Afghan Interpreters or Translators (SI visa)
Certain Foreign Medical Graduates
Certain family members of International Organization Employees (spouses and unmarried children), etc.

Eb-4 visa: Fourth Priority Workers – Certain Special Immigrants
Fourth priority workers include a variety of visas, such as:

Religious workers (SD visa and SR visa)
Broadcasters in the U.S
Current or Former employees of the U.S government
Iraqi employees of the U.S government (SQ visa)
Afghan employees of the U.S government (SQ visa)
Iraqi and Afghan Interpreters or Translators (SI visa)
Certain Foreign Medical Graduates
Certain family members of International Organization Employees (spouses and unmarried children), etc.

EB5 visas: Fifth Priority Workers
The last group of the EB5 visas is targeted at investors, who invest:

At least $1,000,000
$500,000 in a high unemployment or rural area in the U.S
Based on this, there are four types of investor immigrant visas:

C-5 visa for investors who create jobs outside of target areas
T-5 visas for investors who create jobs in targeted rural or high unemployment areas
R-5 visa for investors who participate in an Investor Pilot Program not in a target area
I-5 visa for investors who participate in an Investor Pilot Program in a targeted area

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